ctypes Wrapper Generation

The following modules in pyglet are entirely (or mostly) generated from one or more C header files:

  • pyglet.gl.agl
  • pyglet.gl.gl
  • pyglet.gl.glext_abi
  • pyglet.gl.glext_nv
  • pyglet.gl.glu
  • pyglet.gl.glx
  • pyglet.gl.glxext_abi
  • pyglet.gl.glxext_nv
  • pyglet.gl.wgl
  • pyglet.gl.wglext_abi
  • pyglet.gl.wglext_nv
  • pyglet.window.xlib.xlib
  • pyglet.window.xlib.xinerama

The wrapping framework is in tools/wraptypes, and pyglet-specialised batch scripts are tools/genwrappers.py (generates xlib wrappers) and tools/gengl.py (generates gl wrappers).

Generating GL wrappers

This process needs to be followed when the wraptypes is updated, the header files are updated (e.g., a new release of the operating system), or the GL extensions are updated. Each file can only be generated a a specific platform.

Before beginning, remove the file tools/.gengl.cache if it exists. This merely caches header files so they don’t need to be repeatedly downloaded (but you’d prefer to use the most recent uncached copies if you’re reading this, presumably).

On Linux, generate pyglet.gl.gl, pyglet.gl.glext_abi, pyglet.gl.glext_nv and pyglet.gl.glu (the complete user-visible GL package):

python tools/gengl.py gl glext_abi glext_nv glu

The header files for pyglet.gl.gl and pyglet.gl.glu are located in /usr/include/GL. Ensure your Linux distribution has recent versions of these files (unfortunately they do not seem to be accessible outside of a distribution or OS).

The header files for pyglet.glext_abi and pyglet.glext_nv are downloaded from http://www.opengl.org and http://developer.nvidia.com, respectively.

On Linux still, generate pyglet.gl.glx, pyglet.gl.glxext_abi and pyglet.gl.glxext_nv:

python tools/gengl.py glx glxext_abi glxext_nv

The header file for pyglet.gl.glx is in /usr/include/GL, and is expected to depend on X11 header files from /usr/include/X11. glext_abi and glext_nv header files are downloaded from the above websites.

On OS X, generate pyglet.gl.agl:

python tools/gengl.py agl

Watch a movie while you wait – it uses virtually every header file on the system. Expect to see one syntax error in PictUtils.h line 67, it is unimportant.

On Windows XP, generate pyglet.gl.wgl, pyglet.gl.wglext_abi and pyglet.gl.wglext_nv:

python tools/gengl.py wgl wglext_abi wglext_nv

You do not need to have a development environment installed on Windows. pyglet.gl.wgl is generated from tools/wgl.h, which is a hand-coded header file containing the prototypes and constants for WGL and its dependencies. In a real development environment you would find these mostly in WinGDI.h, but wraptypes is not quite sophisticated enough to parse Windows system headers (see below for what needs implementing). It is extremely unlikely this header will ever need to change (excepting a bug fix).

The headers for pyglet.gl.wglext_abi and pyglet.gl.wglext_nv are downloaded from the same websites as for GL and GLX.

Generated GL wrappers

Each generated file contains a pair of markers # BEGIN GENERATED CONTENT and # END GENERATED CONTENT which are searched for when replacing the file. If either marker is missing or corrupt, the file will not be modified. This allows for custom content around the generated content. Only glx.py makes use of this, to include some additional enumerators that are not generated by default.

If a generating process is interrupted (either you get sick of it, or it crashes), it will leave a partially-complete file written, which will not include both markers. It is up to you to restore the file or otherwise reinsert the markers.

Generating Xlib wrappers

On Linux with the Xinerama extension installed (doesn’t have to be in use, just available), run:

python tools/genwrappers.py

This generates pyglet.window.xlib.xlib and pyglet.window.xlib.xinerama.

Note that this process, as well as the generated modules, depend on pyglet.gl.glx. So, you should always run this after the above GL generation.

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